- Malignant pleural mesothelioma is an asbestos-related disease with poor survival. The prognostic role of histologic subtype is well established. Some studies (without a biological hypothesis) suggested that higher asbestos lung burden is associated with reduced survival.
- Gut dysbiosis may reduce immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) efficacy. Antibiotics and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are commonly used drugs causing gut dysbiosis. There is limited randomized controlled trial (RCT) evidence on whether antibiotics or PPIs impact ICI benefit versus comparator treatments.
- Lung cancer (LC) remains a disease with poor prognosis despite recent advances in treatments. Here, we aimed at summarizing the current scientific evidence on whether quitting smoking at or around diagnosis has a beneficial effect on the survival of LC patients.
- Patients with NSCLC may be treated with curative intent, yet they remain at high risk of both disease recurrence and second primary lung cancer (SPLC) and increased risk of early death. Guidelines provide recommendations for follow-up, but there is little consensus, and review of available evidence is necessary. The use of a systematic follow-up strategy for the detection of disease recurrence or SPLC after curative-intent treatment of NSCLC may increase the proportion of patients available for retreatment and increase the survival of patients with surveillance detection.
- Potential disparities in the diagnosis, treatment, and survival of patients with lung cancer with and without disabilities have rarely been investigated.
- The positive-to-resected lymph node ratio (LNR) predicts survival in many cancers, but little information is available on its value for patients with N2 NSCLC who receive postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) after resection. We tested the applicability of prognostic scoring models and heat mapping to predict overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in patients with resected N2 NSCLC and PORT.
- We investigated patients with contemporarily staged and treated stage III-N2 NSCLC treated with induction chemotherapy and surgery with or without postoperative radiotherapy (PORT). We focused on survival and toxicity and investigated what additional PORT may offer in patients with ypN2 status or incomplete resection.
- Young patients with lung cancer represent a distinct subset of patients with this disease. The National Cancer Data Base includes patients of all ages and contains detailed staging, treatment, and survival information. The objective of this study was to examine treatment patterns and outcomes in young patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
- The aim of this study was to assess the effect of early weight loss before the onset of radiation esophagitis on overall survival (OS) in patients with non–small cell lung cancer treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy.