- NRG1 rearrangements produce chimeric ligands that subvert the ERBB pathway to drive tumorigenesis. A better understanding of the signaling networks that mediate transformation by NRG1 fusions is needed to inform effective therapeutic strategies. Unfortunately, this has been hampered by a paucity of patient-derived disease models that faithfully recapitulate this molecularly defined cancer subset.
- Molecular characterization studies revealed recurrent kelch like ECH associated protein 1 gene (KEAP1)/nuclear factor, erythroid 2 like 2 gene (NFE2L2) alterations in NSCLC. These genes encode two interacting proteins (a stress response pathway [SRP]) that mediate a cytoprotective response to oxidative stress and xenobiotics. Nevertheless, whether KEAP1/NFE2L2 mutations have an impact on clinical outcomes is unclear.
- Osimertinib is an effective third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) for EGFR-mutant lung cancers. However, treatment for patients with acquired resistance to osimertinib remains challenging. We characterized a novel EGFR mutation in exon 20 that was acquired while on osimertinib.
- Spread through air spaces (STAS) is a form of invasion wherein tumor cells extend beyond the tumor edge within the lung parenchyma. In lung adenocarcinoma (ADC), we investigated the (1) association between STAS and procedure-specific outcomes (sublobar resection and lobectomy), (2) effect of surgical margin-to-tumor diameter ratio in STAS-positive patients, and (3) potential utility of frozen sections (FSs) for detecting STAS intraoperatively.
- The role of adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with stage I NSCLC remains unknown. The prognostic value of histological subtypes in resected node-negative small lung adenocarcinoma has not been widely investigated. This study investigated the prognostic factors in patients with node-negative lung adenocarcinoma 3 cm or smaller to find potential candidates for adjuvant chemotherapy.
- Response to mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) inhibitors in NSCLC with mesenchymal-epithelial transition gene (MET) exon 14 skipping (METex14) has fueled molecular screening efforts and the search for optimal therapies. However, further work is needed to refine the clinicopathologic and prognostic implications of METex14 skipping.
- Lung adenocarcinomas (ADCs) with a micropapillary pattern have been reported to have a poor prognosis. However, few studies have reported on the imaging-based identification of a micropapillary component, and all of them have been subjective studies dealing with qualitative computed tomography variables. We aimed to explore imaging phenotyping using a radiomics approach for predicting a micropapillary pattern within lung ADC.
- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the natural course of the progression of pulmonary subsolid nodules (SSNs).
- The 2015 World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Tumors of the Lung, Pleura, Thymus and Heart has just been published with numerous important changes from the 2004 WHO classification. The most significant changes in this edition involve (1) use of immunohistochemistry throughout the classification, (2) a new emphasis on genetic studies, in particular, integration of molecular testing to help personalize treatment strategies for advanced lung cancer patients, (3) a new classification for small biopsies and cytology similar to that proposed in the 2011 Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society classification, (4) a completely different approach to lung adenocarcinoma as proposed by the 2011 Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society classification, (5) restricting the diagnosis of large cell carcinoma only to resected tumors that lack any clear morphologic or immunohistochemical differentiation with reclassification of the remaining former large cell carcinoma subtypes into different categories, (6) reclassifying squamous cell carcinomas into keratinizing, nonkeratinizing, and basaloid subtypes with the nonkeratinizing tumors requiring immunohistochemistry proof of squamous differentiation, (7) grouping of neuroendocrine tumors together in one category, (8) adding NUT carcinoma, (9) changing the term sclerosing hemangioma to sclerosing pneumocytoma, (10) changing the name hamartoma to “pulmonary hamartoma,” (11) creating a group of PEComatous tumors that include (a) lymphangioleiomyomatosis, (b) PEComa, benign (with clear cell tumor as a variant) and (c) PEComa, malignant, (12) introducing the entity pulmonary myxoid sarcoma with an EWSR1–CREB1 translocation, (13) adding the entities myoepithelioma and myoepithelial carcinomas, which can show EWSR1 gene rearrangements, (14) recognition of usefulness of WWTR1–CAMTA1 fusions in diagnosis of epithelioid hemangioendotheliomas, (15) adding Erdheim–Chester disease to the lymphoproliferative tumor, and (16) a group of tumors of ectopic origin to include germ cell tumors, intrapulmonary thymoma, melanoma and meningioma.