- Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) copy number gains may be predictive of clinical response to immunotherapy in NSCLC. This study investigated PD-L1 copy number variations in tumor resection and bronchoscopy biopsies and its relationship with PD-L1 tumor cell staining and inflammatory gene expression.
- Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) immunohistochemistry (IHC) is required to determine the eligibility for pembrolizumab monotherapy in advanced NSCLC worldwide and for several other indications depending on the country. Four assays have been approved/ Communauté Européene–In vitro Diagnostic (CV-IVD)–marked, but PD-L1 IHC seems diversely implemented across regions and laboratories with the application of laboratory-developed tests (LDTs).
- Immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapies have revolutionized the management of patients with NSCLC and have led to unprecedented improvements in response rates and survival in a subset of patients with this fatal disease. However, the available therapies work only for a minority of patients, are associated with substantial societal cost, and may lead to considerable immune-related adverse events. Therefore, patient selection must be optimized through the use of relevant biomarkers. Programmed death-ligand 1 protein expression by immunohistochemistry is widely used today for the selection of programmed cell death protein 1 inhibitor therapy in patients with NSCLC; however, this approach lacks robust sensitivity and specificity for predicting response.
- This study evaluated whether tumor expression of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) could predict the response of EGFR-mutated NSCLC to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy.